UPSC Statistics Syllabus For IAS Exam 2024: 48 In the list of UPSC alternative topics, one of the least preferred subjects is ‘statistical alternative’. This statistics is due to the technical and specific nature of alternative paper. Many candidates hesitate to take data as an alternative subject in UPSC exam due to its equality with mathematics and its complex course.
However, choosing data as an alternative subject provides different benefits to individuals with probability, sampling techniques, data analysis and strong understanding of related concepts. The subject offers the opportunity to score high marks with minimal competition. See alternate about syllabus, advantages, pyq and statistics in this article.
UPSC Statistics Optional Subject For Mains Exam
The theme of data is related to data. The process involves collecting data, organizing, analyzing and presenting data to achieve meaningful insights. Candidates interested in mathematical subjects and can choose data as optional in search of technical subjects.
Statistics optional subjects usually include in respective graduate courses. Like other alternative letters, the statistics option also includes two papers, paper 1 and paper 2, each of which has 250 marks. Once the candidates have developed a good understanding of fundamental concepts in this option, it is not very challenging to score high marks.
UPSC Statistics Syllabus For IAS Exam Optional
Statistics alternative courses are equally divided into two letters. Paper I focus on subjects such as probability, statistical estimation, co ordinating analysis and sampling techniques. Exam paper II focuses on statistical computing, industrial data and quantitative economics.
Candidates can download the UPSC Statistics Alternative Course PDF by visiting the official website or by looking at the table below for full subjectwise syllabus. UPSC Statistics
UPSC Statistics Optional Syllabus Paper 1
Paper 1 Statistics Alternative Courses include the theoretical and fundamental concepts of most figures. Statistics alternative Paper 1 has four main subjects distributed among different subtopics. Here the first paper course of statistics is optional:
Table: UPSC Statistics Optional Syllabus For Paper 2
Topic  Subtopics 
1. Probability 

2. Statistical Inference 

3. Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis 

4. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments 

UPSC Statistics Optional Syllabus For Paper 2
Statistics in Paper 2 highlights dynamic subjects such as official data, demographics and psychometry, providing a comprehensive understanding of statistical principles applied in various fields. To score good marks, candidates need to mastered each and each subject of Paper 2 Statistics Alternative Course. The course of paper 2 is as follows:
Table: UPSC Statistics Optional Syllabus For Paper 2
Topic  Subtopics 
1. Industrial Statistics 

2. Optimization Techniques 

3. Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics 

4. Demography and Psychometry 

UPSC Statistics Optional Subject Pros and Cons
Before choosing any alternative subject, candidates should understand its advantages and disadvantages. This also applies to alternative data. The advantages and disadvantages of choosing data in UPSC CSE Mains exam are given below:
Pros of UPSC Statistics Optional Subject
Statistics provides the following benefits to optional subject candidates:
 The competition is low and scoring opportunities are good.
 Low thematic adequacy makes it easy to score high marks after adequate modification and practice.
 Stable courses that you have prior knowledge is easy to cover.
 Suitable for those candidates who have studied data during graduation or post graduation.
 UPSC is the best for candidates targeting the Indian Statistical Service (ISS) exam.
Cons of UPSC Statistics Optional Subject
Candidates can avoid taking this alternative subject in the main examination for the following reasons:
 Lack of study materials in the market for statistics alternative subjects.
 Quality data alternative testing chains are not easily available.
 There is no overlap with other general studies papers, making it difficult for students to balance all subjects of UPSC Main.
 This requires a lot of selfstudy and writing practice.
Previous Year’s UPSC Statistics Optional Paper
To understand the nature of questions asked in statistics alternative paper, it is important to take a look at the previous year’s question papers. Alternative UPSC PYQs are good sources of analysis requirements for this subject and practice answer writing for UPSC Main.
Here is a direct link to download yearwise statistics alternative UPSC question paper:
Statistics Optional Previous Year Question Papers  
Year  Paper  Download Link 
2020  Statistics Paper I  Click Here 
Statistics Paper II  Click Here  
2021  Statistics Paper I  Click Here 
Statistics Paper II  Click Here  
2022  Statistics Paper I  Click Here 
Statistics Paper II  Click Here  
2023  Statistics Paper I  Click Here 
Statistics Paper II  Click Here 
UPSC Statistics Optional Books
Candidates should ensure that they have quality study material to cover all subjects of alternative statistics course. Keeping in mind the broad course of alternative data, it is highly recommended to refer to standard books. Here is a list of statistics alternative books to prepare for UPSC Mains Exam:
UPSC Statistics Optional Books  
Book Name  Author 
An Introduction to Probability Theory & Mathematical Statistics  V K Rohtagi 
Introductory Probability and Statistical Applications  Paul Meyer 
An Outline of Statistical Theory (2 Vol.)  A M Goon, M K Gupta, and B. Dass Gupta 
Fundamentals of Applied Statistics  S C Gupta and V K Kapoor 
Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics  A C Gupta and V K Kapoor 
Fundamentals of Statistics (2 Vol.)  A M Goon, M K Gupta, and B Dass Gupta 
Sampling Techniques  William G. Cochran 
Sampling Theory of Surveys with Applications  B. V Sukhatme & B V Sukhatme 
How to Prepare for UPSC Statistics Optional Subject?
A good preparation can perform miracles in the coupled quality reference material statistics optional with strategy and dedication. It is possible to score 250+ if the candidates prepare systematically for the UPSC Mains exam with this option. Here are some suggestions for the preparation of alternative statistics in UPSC:
 Syllabus First: Take a look at the latest Statistics optional paper syllabus and pay attention to subjects for study.
 PYQ Analysis: Candidates should analyze the previous year’s question papers and note recurring subjects.
 Fundamental: Start with fundamental concepts and carefully study the subjects of high yield.
 Mathematics: Relevant infrastructure does not hesitate to modify the subjects.
 Speed and accuracy: Candidates should practice maximum questions in an examination like environment, as this paper requires a balance of speed and accuracy which can be learned by displaying in the UPSC Main Exam series.
 Avoid normal answers: Stay specific in your answers as it is a technical theme with certain concepts. Try to use tables, charts and graphs in your reactions.
 Get help: To improve performance in this optional, seek help wherever possible. Consider joining an alternative UPSC coaching or mentorship program.
UPSC Statistics Optional Subject Success Rate
While some candidates opt for ‘UPSC Statistical Optional’ in UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination, success rate is average. Candidates who have made up their mind to take this alternative, can mention the data available below for statistics, optional UPSC success rate:
Statistics Optional UPSC Success Rate  
Year  Success Rate in UPSC  Total Appeared Candidates  Selected Candidates 
2015  20  5  1 
2014  16.7  6  1 
2013  16.7  6  1 
2012  6.3  16  1 
2011  5.3  19  1 
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निष्कर्ष –UPSC Statistics Syllabus For IAS Exam 2024
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